The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications ›› 2023, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 30-37.doi: 10.19682/j.cnki.1005-8885.2023.1015

Special Issue: 复杂网络传播与网络控制

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Stability and Hopf bifurcation analysis in DCTCP congestion control

Cheng Zunshui, Jiang Jingna, Sun Dongsheng   

  1. School of Mathematics and Physics, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China
  • Received:2023-07-13 Revised:2023-09-30 Online:2023-12-28 Published:2023-12-28
  • Contact: Cheng Zunshui
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China (ZR2020MF080).

Abstract: Traditional loss-based transports cannot meet the strict requirements of low latency and high throughput in data center networks (DCNs). Thus data center transmission control protocol (DCTCP) is proposed to better manage the congestion control in DCNs. To provide insight into improving the stability of the DCN, this paper focuses on the Hopf bifurcation analysis of a fluid model of DCTCP, and investigates the stability of the network. The round-trip time (RTT), being an effective congestion signal, is selected as the bifurcation parameter. And the network turns unstable and generates periodic solutions when the parameter is larger than the given critical value, which is given by explicit algorithms. The analytical results reveal the existence of Hopf bifurcation. Numerical simulations are performed to make a comparative analysis between the fluid model and the simplified model of DCTCP. The influence of other parameters on the DCN stability is also discussed.

Key words: bifurcation, control systems, delay systems, difference equations