Acta Metallurgica Sinica(English letters) ›› 2013, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (1): 47-53.doi: 10.1016/S1005-8885(13)60006-0

• Networks • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Priority-based IEEE 802.15.4 CSMA/CA mechanism for WSNs


  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Intelligent Perception and System for High-dimensional Information for Ministry of Education of China, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China 2. School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 211816, China
  • Received:2012-08-03 Revised:2012-09-26 Online:2013-02-28 Published:2013-02-28
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (60673185, 61073197), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK2010548), Scientific & Technological Support Project (Industry) of Jiangsu Province (BE2011186), the State Key Laboratory Program for Novel Software technology (Nanjing University, KFKT2010B08), the Research Innovation Program for College Graduates in Jiangsu Province (CXLX11 0262).


The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is widely used in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this paper, we propose a priority-based IEEE 802.15.4 carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) mechanism for WSNs. Considering traffic load and traffic type of sensor nodes, we classify sensor nodes into three types. In our mechanism, different contention parameters are set for nodes with different priority levels, in order that nodes with high priority achieve high probability to access the channel. By modeling the proposed mechanism using a Markov chain, we analyze and compute the successful transmission probability, throughput and energy consumption for nodes with different priority levels. Finally, our numerical results demonstrate that our mechanism performs well for WSNs.

Key words:

WSNs, IEEE 802.15.4 MAC, Markov chain, priority, real-time data