Acta Metallurgica Sinica(English letters) ›› 2015, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 15-23.doi: 10.1016/S1005-8885(15)60634-3

• Wireless • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of MIMO antenna array based on 3D Von Mises Fisher distribution


  • Received:2014-03-27 Revised:2014-09-30 Online:2015-04-30 Published:2015-04-22


A three-dimensional (3D) Von Mises Fisher (VMF) distribution model was derived in multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) antenna communication environment. The azimuth of arrival and elevation of arrival are distributed for VMF distribution instead of the uniform or other traditional distributions. In particular the MIMO uniform Y-shaped array (UYA) and the uniform circular array (UCA) antenna topology are considered at mobile station and base station. The developed spatial fading correlation of the VMF model is determined by parameters of the concentration parameter, antenna spacing, mean azimuth of arrival, mean elevation of arrival. Using the channel model, the effects of the concentration parameter and the mean elevation angle on the capacity of MIMO antenna systems was analyzed. It is shown that the mean elevation of arrival must be taken into account in 3D MIMO communication environment.

Key words:

MIMO antenna array, VMF distribution, spatial fading correlation, channel capacity