Acta Metallurgica Sinica(English letters) ›› 2014, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 10-17.doi: 10.1016/S1005-8885(14)60295-8

• Wireless • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Energy efficiency based multi-relay selection and power allocation in OFDM cooperation networks

王睿 纪红 李曦   

  1. Key Laboratory of Universal Wireless Communications, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
  • Received:2014-01-13 Revised:2014-03-27 Online:2014-06-30 Published:2014-06-30
  • Contact: Xi LI
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the Hi-Tech Research and Development Program of China (2014AA01A705).


Getting along with the improvement of green communications, the energy efficiency (EE) of wireless network becomes more and more important. However, in multi-relay-assisted systems, the related work obviously depends on the end-to-end performance, whereas EE of relays has not attracted enough attention. The authors propose an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) multi-relay system based on amplify and forward (AF) mode. Taking incorporating EE and remaining energy as factor, decision criteria of attending cooperation is designed. The EE based asynchronous power iteration method is presented, and the existence and convergence of nash equilibrium (NE) is proven. Furthermore, a joint algorithm in subcarrier pairing, relay selection and power allocation is given. Genetic algorithm (GA) and iteration method are integrated to improve the convergence speed additionally. Simulation demonstrates the obvious improvement of EE, decrease of power consumption and increase of lifetime in relays of this algorithm with the constraint of minimum data transmission rate.

Key words:

EE, OFDM, Multi-relay selection, power allocation, subcarrier pairing