Acta Metallurgica Sinica(English letters) ›› 2012, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 94-100.doi: 10.1016/S1005-8885(11)60233-1

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Automatic context induction for tone model integration in mandarin speech recognition


  • Received:2011-03-01 Revised:2011-10-14 Online:2012-02-28 Published:2012-02-21
  • Contact: HUANG Hao
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (60965002), the College Research Project of Xinjiang (XJEDU2008S15), and the Start-up Fund Research for Ph. D. in Xinjiang University (BS090143).


Tone model (TM) integration is an important task for mandarin speech recognition. It has been proved to be effective to use discriminatively trained scaling factors when integrating TM scores into multi-pass speech recognition. Moreover, context-dependent (CD) scaling can be applied for better interpolation between the models. One limitation of this approach is a large number of parameters will be introduced, which makes the technique prone to overtraining. In this paper, we propose to induce context-dependent model weights by using automatically derived phonetic decision trees. Question at each tree node is chosen to minimize the expected recognition error on the training data. First order approximation of the minimum phone error (MPE) objective function is used for question pruning to make tree building efficient. Experimental results on continuous mandarin speech recognition show the method is capable of inducing the most crucial phonetic contexts and obtains significant error reduction with far fewer parameters, compared with that obtained by using manually designed context-dependent scaling parameters.

Key words:

TM integration, MPE, decision tree, mandarin speech recognition, context-dependent

CLC Number: