The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications ›› 2021, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 11-19.doi: 10.19682/j.cnki.1005-8885.2021.0015

• Wireless • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Distributed cooperative deployment strategy in multi-UAVs assisted heterogeneous networks


  • Received:2020-07-28 Revised:2020-11-30 Online:2021-06-30 Published:2021-06-22
  • Contact: Zhang Heli


Unmanned aerial vehicle base stations ( UAV-BSs) can provide a fast network deployment scheme for heterogeneous networks. However, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has limited capability and cannot assist the base station (BS) well. The ability of a UAV to assist the BSs is limited, and the cluster deployment relies on the leading UAV. The dispersive deployment of multiple UAVs (multi-UAVs) need a macro base station (MBS) to determine their positions to prevent collisions or interference. Therefore, a distributed cooperative deployment scheme is proposed for UAVs to solve this problem. The scheme can increase the ability of UAVs to assist users and reduce the pressure on BSs to deploy UAVs. Firstly, the randomly distributed users are pre-clustered. Then the placement problem was modeled as a circle expansion problem and a pre-clustering radius expansion algorithm was proposed. Under the constraint of users-data rates, it provides services for more users. Finally, the proposed algorithm was compared with the density-aware placement algorithm. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can provide services for more users and improve the coverage rate of users while ensuring the data rates.

Key words:

unmanned aerial vehicle base stations (UAV-BSs), distributed cooperative, pre-clustering radius expansion algorithm, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) deployment